- For a period of 10 years, taxation related to IRS (personal income tax) on labour income in Portugal is at a fixed rate of 20%;
- No double taxation for employment and self-employment income obtained abroad. (Income from foreign sources will no longer be exempt if it comes from countries included in the black list).
How can you acquire Non-Habitual Resident Status?
- Having not been a resident in Portugal for the last 5 years;
- Register at the local tax office as a tax resident in Portugal (to do so you must have remained in Portugal for more than 183 consecutive or non-consecutive days, or having remained for less time, having, at 31st December of that year, a home in such conditions that would lead to the assumption that it is intended to be kept and occupied as your habitual residence);
- Request for enrollment as a Non-Habitual Resident electronically on the Treasury Portal, after registering as a resident in Portuguese territory and until the 31st of March of the year following the year you became a resident in this territory.
What is the taxation rate and incidence applicable to domestic source income?
In the case of dependent or independent work, the applicable tax rate is 20%.
Taxation applies to income derived from high added value activities of a scientific, artistic or technical nature:
- Architects, engineers and similar technicians
- Fine artists, actors and musicians
- Doctors and dentists
- Liberal professions, technicians and similar
- Senior managers
- Investors, directors and managers
Registration as a Non-Habitual Resident confers the right to be taxed as such for a period of 10 years as from the year of registering as a tax resident in Portuguese territory.
In which cases is foreign income obtained by Non-Habitual Residents in Portugal exempt from taxation?
In the case of pensioners and retired people:
- Does not apply, pensioners are taxed according to the new State Budget 2020.
- They can benefit from a reduced rate of 10% tax if there is taxation in the country of origin or if the income is not considered to be obtained in Portugal under domestic law.
In the case of income derived from employment, when:
- Income is taxed in the State of origin, in accordance with the convention to eliminate double taxation, signed by Portugal and that State.
- That income is taxed in another State with which Portugal has not signed any convention to eliminate double taxation, as long as the income is not considered to have been obtained in Portuguese territory, in accordance with the criteria in article 18 of the IRS Code (personal income tax).
In the case of income from self-employment, when:
- The income may be taxed in the source country, territory or region, in accordance with the convention to eliminate double taxation.
- When no convention to eliminate double taxation has been signed, the OECD model convention may be applied (taking into consideration the observations and reservations made by Portugal) and as long as the source country, territory or region does not have a privileged tax regime, and as long as the income is not considered to have been obtained in Portuguese territory, in accordance with the criteria in article 18 of the IRS (personal income tax).